Working with Windows

Note: Search results for Carney Creations are listed AFTER the ad's in the results listing
Preview of a picture restored to Windows Pictures And Fax Viewer
Printing with One Printer but Several Printer Choices
Profile Corruption - How To Fix
Recent Documents not limited to 15
Recycle bin confirmation
Recycle Bin Corrupted
Regedit: How to back up the Registry
Reset Quickly with an icon on the desktop
Resize won't stay next time opened
Restart set as default instead of Shutdown on the Start button
Restarting Computer Automatically - Make it stop
Right-Click/New trimmed down
Right-Click without a mouse
Safe Mode
Safe To Remove Hardware Notification restored
Screen Savers OpenGL Fix like Really Slick Screensavers Euphoria & Helios
Searching made faster
Security Level Changed
Shutdown Quickly with an icon on the desktop
Sounds for Specific applications
Special characters like ©  ¢  ®
SSD Critical Info
Startup Folder is MIA
Start Menu/Taskbar Stopped Working
Store app icon removed from Taskbar
Systray Customzied
System Reserved Partition error when updating Win10
System Restore to Factory Specs - Toshiba computer
System Volume Information folder viewed
Tap To Click stopped
Taskbar/Start Menu Stopped Working
Title Bars with color
Thumbnail files stopped
Touchpad Tap To Click stopped
Touchpad Right Click
Updates Restart Notification delayed  /Win-Pro
UAC (User Account Control) Forced off for specific programs
   such as regedit (My Favorite tip !!)

UAC (User Account Control) More control
User Account becomes corrupted
User Account Logon restored
USB Booting of computer
View Source is not available
View Two Programs Side By Side
Windows Updates Manually Checking
Windows Defender results searching quarantined items
Zip files to NOT show in explorer left side

Associating a file

Opening an associated file with a different program: Hold the SHIFT key while right-clicking on the file in Explorer. The Open With can now be selected, and you can choose a different application to open the file with

Open Dialog default directory

Some programs will let you tell your computer what directory you want to have accessed when you press Open, Save (like WordPerfect or MS Word.) Then again some don't (like MS Paint)

If your application doesn't offer this option, you can still do it.

Click on Start/All Programs, and go find the icon for the application you want. Right-click the Shortcut and select Properties.
Click on the Shortcut tab. In the 'Start In' field, type the desired directory you want the program to use everytime you start the program.

Hot Keys for Hot Programs

Choose your own combination of Hotkey to start a program. Something such as starting MS Word with the hot keys of Ctrl+2.
Right click on the icon in the Start menu and click on Properties.
Click inside the Shortcut Key field (where it will probably say 'None'. Press your combination of keys. In the example above, I would press Ctrl+2. That's it.

Note: if it doesn't work, Windows won't tell you why but, you'll have to change the combination. Windows won't accept one you've already assigned or likely to be used elsewhere.

LogOn without logging on/bypassed

To bypass the Welcome Screen and/or Lock Screen (after sleep) and just have the computer boot to your desktop, you can only have ONE user account and have the Guest Account turned off.
Go to Control Panel, User Accounts. Click on Guest Account (if it's on), then click on the button to Turn Off
If you have any other accounts that you did NOT create (like ASP.NET, then you can delete that account as well. It may have been put there from a previous Windows Update.
Click on Start, run: netplwiz
Remove the check in the box for Users must enter a user name and passwords
Start, type Power Options in the search box and choose it.
Click on Change Plan (for the one you have selected)
Click on Change Advanced Power
Click on the link for Change settings that are currently unavailable
Change Require password to set for No on both Plugged in and Battery

If a Windows Update causes you to lose the link for "Change settings that are currently unavailable", then you can still make adjustments for it by going to the Group Policy Editor. (see below for GPE)
You may also have to edit the registry as follows:
Navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
Double click on AutoAdminLogon and change the value from 1 to 0
Delete the value called DefaultPassword (if it's there)

Navigate your way to Computer Configuration > Administrative Tools > System > Power Management > Sleep Settings
Double click on 'Require a password when a computer wakes (plugged in) then click on Disabled, then on OK
Repeat for the entry called 'Require a password when a computer wakes (battery)

For Windows 10, one more place to check is here:
Start > Settings (or PC Settings) > Accounts > Sign In Options. Check in there for the options you need.

Sounds for Specific applications

If you go to Control Panel, Sounds, you get a list of events you can have sounds for. Well, using a sound for Open, will play a sound every time you 'open' any program. Well, I only want a sound when I open WordPerfect. Here we go back into the Regedit (don't get scared) and add a section. Everyone suggests that you back up your Regedit first, but I didn't and it works anyway. This procedure won't associate sounds until you go to the Control Panel and actually set the sounds. It'll just give you the option to set the sounds. Just like the rest of the list. Give it a try :)

Open Regedit (Start, Run, type regedit) and navigate your way to


Now, to have sounds specific to WordPerfect (or another program), right click the Apps key, choose New, Key. Name the new key Wpwin (if you're using WordPerect). If you're using Word, then type WinWord. You get this name by looking in Explorer for the actual application and reading what the actual name of the program file is. In the right pane, right click on Default and choose Modify. Type the application name (such as WordPerfect or Word). Click OK.

Click on the + by the folder .Default. This will give you some ideas as to what you might want to have sounds for that are specific to your application.

Now right click on your new folder (Word, or WordPerfect), choose New, Key, and name it Open (for example) and press Enter. Repeat these steps for each event with which you'd like to associate a sound. Remember these will be program specific so you can duplicate any of the keys you saw in .Default, like Open, Minimize, Close, etc... and the sounds you will set will only be for that specific program.

Close the Registry Editor when you're done.

Now go set some sounds: Control Panel, Sounds and select your new event: WordPerfect. Select an event listed under there and go find a wave to use. Use Browse if you have to.

Regedit: How to back up the Regedit (Registry)

Here's how to do a backup on that Registry

Open your Regedit (Start, Run, Regedit)

Click on Registry on the menu bar and choose Export Registry File. (or click on the top line listed there called My Computer, then click on File, Export)

Now, navigate your way to a place on your computer where you want to safely store your working version of the Regedit and type a name for the file, such as RegBack. Make sure that All is selected at the bottom of the dialog box under Export range. Now click on Save.

To Restore the registry (in case the change you made didn't work and you screwed it all up)

Opt 1. Open an Explorer and find the directory you saved the RegBack file in. Double-click that file and choose Yes to import it. This will reset your Regedit to what it was before.

Opt 2. Your second option is to open your Regedit again and click on Registry of the menu bar and select Import Registry File and navigate your way to your safely stored RegBack.reg file and click on Open. Choose Yes to confirm the importing

View two Programs at Side by Side.

How many times have you found that you are doing a lot of copying and pasting from one program to another. Actually I'm doing it right now. I am constantly copying between WordPerfect and Outlook Express. One way of working faster is to have any other programs minimized but WordPerfect and Outlook Express.

Click on the first program. Then press the 'windows' key + {left arrow}
Click on the second program and press the 'windows' key + {right arrow}   (or for Windows 10, pick one of the previews that pop up for you to pick from

Recycle Bin Confirmation

Some versions of windows always give you the 'delete confirmation dialog' box, others do not.
If you want and don't have it, right click on the recycle bin and put the check in the box for "Display delete confirmation dialog"
If you have it and DON'T want it, then do the same procedure and UNcheck the box

Recycle Bin Corrupted

When getting the error that the F:\ Recycle Bin is corrupted. Do you want to empty the recycle bin...then you get an error that you can't because you're denied access. Here's the fix:

Open a command prompt with Administrator Privileges
type ../ until you get to the C:\ only
type this: rd /s /q F:\$Recycle.bin
(that's a lower case Q, not a g)

Right-Click without a mouse

Short and sweet:

Highlight the item, then press Shift-F10.

Screen Savers with 3D

Yes, you CAN have them. Even if you don't have the newest version of Windows .

If someone gives you a 3D screen saver, such as Euphoria from from their computer (because they have the newest version), you will need to make adjustments.
Here's a trick that worked for me right from the git.
In the folder where the screensaver is located, rename the file. You will have to be able to see the file extension
Rename it from .scr to .sCr
Yes....change the c to a capital C
Funny...but it worked for me right away.

If that doesn't work, you'll have to download 2 files: GLU32.DLL and OPENGL32.DLL. and place them in the C:\Windows\System32 directory.
You can obtain the files from
In order to copy the files, you first have to "take ownership" of the files that are already in there. Take ownership then copy the files to a safe location.
Then copy the downloaded .dll files into that folder.
If neither of those tricks work, your graphics card probably doesn't support OpenGL

And this is where you can get those really smooth slick screensavers: Euphoria is my favorite ;)

Shutdown quickly with an icon on the desktop

You can have a one icon shutdown right on your desktop to shut down windows instead of going to Start, Shutdown, Shutdown, OK. Here's how:
For a Shutdown button
Right click on a blank area on the desktop
Click on New, then Shortcut
Type this: shutdown -s -t 00
(those are zero's not the letter)
Click Next, then give it a name, such as Shutdown, then click on Finish
For a Reset button
Do the same thing only type: shutdown -r -t 00
Then give it the name Reset
Now...those icons look ugly...change them too
Right click on the first icon you just created, click on Properties, click on Change Icon (you'll probably get a message...just click on OK), then find a different icon to use and double click on it. Then click on OK. Then change the other icon (if you create 2 of them)
For Hibernation button
Do the same thing again only this time type: rundll32.exe PowrProf.dll, SetSuspendState

Right click on each of those and choose Properties. Then click on Change icon and choose different ones you want.

Note: Hibernation is not available for all computers. To test if you have the availability, go to Control Panel, Power Options. If you have a Hibernate tab, then you have capability. Try it to see if you like it. It'll shut down your computer...sorta. When you turn it back on (by pressing the Power button as you normal would), it'll take less time to turn on, and all the programs you had open when you went to hibernation, will all be open just in the same state as when you went to hibernation.
Use the above shortcut technique and give it a try. If you don't like it, then just delete the shortcut.

Open multiple programs at once

Need to have multiple programs to start at the same time?
I frequently use PaintShop Pro and Font Viewer at the same time. So...why start each program by clicking on the first icon, waiting for it to load, then clicking on the second.
You can have several programs start if you want also:
Say you want to always start WordPerfect and QuattroPro.
You can open the both in just one click.

Here's how:

Open Notepad
Copy and paste the following lines in red....then make the adjustments as needed for the programs you want
Since I have WordPerfect & QuattroPro starting, here's what mine looks like:
start "" "C:\Program Files\Corel\WordPerfect Office X7\Programs\qpw17.exe" "T:\Sewing\_Selling\_Files\Sales Sheet.qpw"
start "" "C:\Program Files\Corel\WordPerfect Office X7\Programs\wpwin17.exe" "T:\Sewing\_Selling\_Files\_Sales Receipts.wpd"

This starts both programs and a specific file with each program.

You can have more than 2 if you like

Now, click on File, Save As. At the bottom change the box for Save As Type to read All Files
In the box for File Name, type in a short description, such as "wp-qp.bat"
You MUST have the " marks and MUST have the .bat inside the quote marks.
Navigate your way to a safe folder such as C:\Users\Tracy. Click on Save.
Right click and drag the file to the desktop and choose Create Shortcut Here
Right click on that icon and choose Rename...give it a name such as QP & WP
Right click on that icon and choose Properties
Click on the button for Change Icon (you'll get a message about not finding icons, so just click on OK)
Find an appropriate icon you want to use and choose Ok twice to have your new icon showing.

Double click on your icon and if it doesn't work, you'll know it. Go back to the windows explorer, right click on your .bat File (the one you created with a new name), then choose Edit. Make adjustments where you find errors.

Special characters like ©  ¢  ®

Ever find that you need that special character like those? Or maybe special foreign characters?
Windows has had (for YEARS) a program that can help you out
It's called Character Map
You can find in your start menu
Start, All Programs, Accessories, System Tools (or Start, All Programs, Windows Accessories, System Tools)
Now find the character you want. You can change the font to see if the font you want to use is capable of doing that character.
Click on the character you want. Then click on Select, then click on Copy.
Now go to the program where you're typing and press ctrl+v and you're character will pop in there for you.

Stop Error Reporting've had enough of the error reporting stuff. You know...every time a program shuts down and Windows wants to send the error report to Microsoft.
Here's how you stop it from coming back over and over again.
Windows Pro
Go to Group Policy Editor and change the Windows Error Reporting Service item to stop the service and change to Manual

Windows Home
You have to edit the registry
Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting
I the key isn't there, you'll have to create it.
then create a new DWORD and name the key disabled and give it the value of 1

Internet Options Missing

If you've lost your Interent Options button in Control Panel, then it's quite possible that you've been hacked. Here's how to get it back.
Open a Windows Explorer and go to C:\Windows
On the file called control.ini, (the file type is Configuration Settings), right click on it and choose Open
If you see the line that says:
then remove it, close the file and choose YES to save
Close all Internet Explorer windows
Click on Start, Run, and type regedit
Navigate your way to:
HKEY_CURENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer
On the left side, click on the + for Explorer
If you see a sub folder listed there called restricted, or control panel, then delete those folders and choose YES.
Do the same thing for:
HKEY_LOCAL_MCAHINE\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer

Security Level Changed

If you've installed any program that just happened to put an icon for Free AOL on your desktop, yes you can remove the icon. But...there's something else that the program probably changed...your Security Settings. Better check it!!!
Go to Control Panel, Internet Options, then click on the Security tab
Click on the icon for Trusted Sites, then click on the button that's called Sites...
AOL is probably there...I'd remove it!
Remove all that you don't want listed there, then click on OK
Now, you're Security level was probably changed down to Low...Move it back up to Medium for safer surfing

Resizing window won't stay next time it's opened

If you resize a window, it should stay that size and location next time you open it. However, at times it won't. Here's how to make it work:
Resize the window. You can't use the middle button in the upper right have to use the corners of the window to drag it to the size you want..
After you do, hold down the control key on your keyboard, and as you're holding it down, click on the X to close the window.
Next time you open that program, it should be the same size as when you last closed it...and there after.

Full Screen when opening programs

To make your programs open full screen, right click on the shortcut to open a program. On the Shortcut tab, change the Run box from Normal to Maximized.
For some programs, that may not work...and in those cases, open the program, resize the window manually by using the corners to drag the size bigger. Clicking on the middle button to maximize it won't keep the settings....use the corners to make it big. Then close the window and open it again.

View Source is not available

If you find that you can't View Source of a web page, then it's time to clear out your Temporary Internet Files in IE.
Click on Tools, Internet Options, then click on the Delete Files button.
This should allow you to View Source again

NumLock needed to be on during startup

If you have the problem of your NumLock being set to on when you turn on the computer, go to Regedit and navigate your way to:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Keyboard
Double click on InitialKeyboardIndicators and change the value to 2
Reset the computer

Searching made faster

I don't know about you, but when I use Search, it takes for ever. And it searches in places I don't even want it to.
I've found a great program that puts your "Searching" back to the better feel in Win98
It's called AgentRansack
You can get it at:
If you really like it and want to use it all the time (like me), then you can have it on your start menu...right at the beginning
Right click on the Start button and choose Properties
On the Start Menu tab, click on Customize, then click on the Advanced tab
Remove the check mark in the box for Search
In a Windows Explorer, go to the folder where you installed AgentRansack.
Right click AND HOLD...and as your holding, drag it to the right a little then release the click and choose Create Shortcut here.
Now, click and hold on that shortcut you just created. As you're holding the click, drag (still holding the click) the mouse down to the Start Button (don't release yet)...the Start Menu will pop up. AS YOU'RE STILL HOLDING the click, move the mouse up to the top left section. NOW you can release the click and then choose Create Shortcut here.
Now just rename it: Click on Start, right click on AgentRansack and choose Rename. Rename it to Search and click on OK.
Your "Search" will be on you start menu as before...only in a different place now and a faster searching like before.

Prefetch emptied

You can (and should periodically) empty your Prefetch folder. C:\Windows\Prefetch
By deleting all the files in there, your computer will speed back up.
Just go to that folder, select all, and delete them. DON'T delete the folder...just all the files in there. Then reset your computer. The Prefetch files will be re-created automatically.
Prefetch files are stored on your computer to assist windows in starting programs faster. But, if there are a lot of unnecessary files in there, it's just a waste of time and space for XP to look at.
Many recommend deleting all those files once a month or so.

System Volume Information folder viewed

If you click on the folder called System Volume Information, you'll get a notice that you can't view it. Well, you CAN, if you want. I have a 2nd hard drive and don't even use the System Restore (because I use a program called RollBack instead). I have no need to even HAVE that folder. You can view what's inside, if you'd like though. The folder is used by the System Restore Tool to store information and restore points.
Here's how to view it (and delete it if you choose)
Go to Start, Run and type: cmd
Go to the root folder of the drive you want, such as G:
The type this:
cacls "G:\System Volume Information" /E /G username:F
and press enter
You can now see what's inside and even delete the folder from your 2nd drive if you choose.

Restarting Computer Automatically - Make it stop

If you find that when you're computer is having troubles, and the computer just restarts on it's might be driving you crazy.
What if you haven't saved something and the computer has troubles. It may just reset on it's own. Don't let it. Give yourSELF control over the reset.
Right click on My Computer, Properties
Click on Advanced System Settings, then click on the Advanced tab
In the section for Startup & Recovery, click on Settings
UNcheck Automatically Restart

MSConfig unchecked items removed from the list

I've found 2 places in my registry that reference unchecked items that are still listed in MSConfig. I really don't care to see them in my list. So, I've taken the pleasure of removing them.
And deleted all the offending folders on the left side that I'm SURE I didn't want to have in there. Unsure? Don't remove it.
In the registry I found them at:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSConfig\startupreg
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSConfig\startupfolder

My Documents Relocated to another drive/location

To move your My Documents folder from the regular location on the C: drive to another folder (or another drive for safer keeping):
Right click on My Documents at the top in a windows explorer and choose Properties
With the Target box highlighted type in the new path for the other location (or 2nd hard drive) such as:
M:\My Documents
When asked, choose Yes to Move the files

Your new folder will be:
M:\My Documents
instead of
C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\My Documents (or maybe it was C:\My Documents)
Windows 7Click on the arrow for Documents, then right click on My Documents. Click on the tab for Location
Click on the button for Move. Navigate to where you want the files moved to

Removing items from the Right-Click/New menu

There are a LOT of choices when you right click and choose New. Such as: BMP Image, Journal, Rich Text Document..and a boat load more.
I've trimmed mine down to only what I would use...since I would never create a BMP image from a right-click, nor would I create a journal (ever). So I trimmed it down! You need a program to force these adjustments to stick. You can get it Here at Source Force (open source program)
No installation is required....And it WORKS too !!

Keyboard Laptop troubles

This tip is here more for my convenience when my laptop has troubles
To fix the keyboard:
Turn off the computer, unplug the power cord, remove battery
Press the power button for 20 seconds
Replace battery, plug in power cord, turn on computer.

Copy text without the formatting

Ever tried to copy text from a web page to paste it into an email address before (or most any program except NotePad). All the formatting seems to come with it. If you want to only copy the actual text, a great little program was passing on to me that is JUST GREAT.
Normally if you want to copy the text just for the words, you'd have to paste it into NotePad, then copy and paste it into whatever program you're working on (be it email, WordPerfect, MS Word, etc). with this little gem, you copy the text from the page, click on the PerfectText icon in the systray, then just paste it into whatever program you're using.
Here's the site where you can get it.
PureText Copy   (if the link doesn't work, please let me know)
Thanks CG for your WONDERFUL tip!

Common Dialogs Customized

When opening a file, you may have icons on the left side of the dialog box. Some programs still have these. PaintShop Pro is one of them. The dialog boxes look similiar to this:

You can make the changes manually in the registry
Open regedit and navigate your way to:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\comdlg32\PlacesBar (create the keys if necessary)
If they are there, then double click on any of the DWORD icons that you don't want and change the value to what you DO want...such as a specific folder, such as: C:\Graphics\CD\Landscapes
If you need to add them, create new DWORDS in the PlacesBar key
After you create the key, right click in a blank area and choose New, String and call it Place0. You can have 5 strings in there: Place0, Place1, Place2, Place3, and Place4.
To add a path to a specific folder, such as C:\Graphics\CD\Landscapes, double click on the Place# you want.
For the above sample you would double click on Place0, then type the path. " marks may be needed depending on the name of the foler
This key (the PlacesBar key) can be exported as a registry entry and imported when you have to reformat the computer or want to repeat the dialogs on another computer.

You don't NEED to have 5 placesbar locations. You can have less if you want
Changes will take affect right need to reset the computer to see the changes.

These are 3 images showing what Windows has as a default, what Windows has with the Common Dialogs default, and my adjusted Common Dialogs example

Windows List stsyle

This shows a listing of folders with your
Favorite folders listed at the top
Common Dialogs Windows Default

This show how some programs will still have common dialogs but have Windows choices of buttons of Recent, Desktop, Libraries, Computer and Network
Mine with changes

This shows the adjustment with MY choices of locations changed to my network Laptop My Documents, my Desktop's 2nd hard drive, Downloads, Program Files and Documents

Preview of a picture restored to Windows Picture And Fax Viewer program

You install a program, and next thing you know, when you double click on a .jpg image file to see what it looks like, you find that the new program opens instead of the Windows Picture And Fax Viewer.
You can change it back to using Windows Picture And Fax Viewer from a program that you installed that took over.

Go to a folder where you have a .jpg image.
Right click on the .jpg image and choose Open With, then click on Choose Program
(Or you might have to shift+right-click on the filename, and select Open With ....)
In the resulting dialog box, "Windows Picture and Fax Viewer" should already be listed. Click on it.
If it's not shown, click on "Choose Default Program" or "Choose Another App" Check the box labeled "Always use the selected program to open this kind of file" or "Always use this app".
Press OK

If for some reason Windows Picture And Fax View is NOT already in the list, you can still force the association by following these steps:
Still in Windows Explorer, click on the Tools, Folder Options...
Click on the File Types tab.
Scroll down to the extension for "JPG".
Press the Restore button, if it exists.
Press the Advanced button.
Click on the Open in the list of actions.
Click on Edit...
In the box for "Application used to perform action", copy and enter the following in there
C:\WINDOWS\system32\rundll32.exe C:\WINDOWS\System32\shimgvw.dll,ImageView_Fullscreen %1
Where "C:\WINDOWS" is the directory containing your Windows installation.
Press OK 3 times to get back to Windows Explorer

Now when you double click on a .jpg image, the Windows Viewer will preview it for you instead of another program.

These same procedures can be used for other types of images such as .tiff, .gif, png, and more

Open With > Restored with the fly out

Instead of having the Open With... on a right click, you can restore the Open With> (with the flyout to choose from the list)

Open Regedit
Go to the following key:
Click on File, Export, Give it the name of OpenAS, and save it in your My Documents folder (in case it doesn't work).
Now delete the key
The Open With > will be restored with a list of programs right there in the explorer.

If it didn't work, double click on that file in your My Documents folder called OpenAs and it will put it back in the registry.
Then delete the OpenAs file.

One Printer, Several Settings

Always changing the Properties of your printer depending on what your printing this time?
Set your computer so that when you choose your printer, you are actually choosing the printer according to the Properties of the printer (draft mode, normal mode, etc). You're actually using the same printer, only the printer choices in your Print dialog box are listed according to the TYPE of printing your doing.
Example: you always print brochures in Normal print, and you always print photo's in Best print.
In this tip, instead of changing the settings each time, just choose a different printer (well, sort of, you're actually choosing the same printer, but choose the printer according to the print mode of Normal or Best)

Open Control Panel and go to Printers & Faxes
Right click on the printer you want to use for the multiple preferences on the same computer
Click on Properties, then Click on the Ports tab
Take note as to what Port has the check in the box (Resize the Port column if needed so you can see what USB number is used, such as USB001 or USB002
Click on Cancel
Click on Add A Printer, then click on Next
Have the top dot checked (assuming that the printer IS physically connected to the the computer and not the network.
Remove the check in the box for "Automatically detect and install my Plug and Play Printer" then click on Next
Click on the down arrow and choose the port as you noted above, then click on Next
Select the printer brand on the left side, then click on the model on the right side, then click on Next
Ensure that you have chosen "Keep existing driver (recommended), then click on Next
Now give your printer a name that will reference your settings.
Example: I have 3 printers listed for the same printer. One is 932C-Draft Print, one is 932C-Normal Print and the last one is called 932-C Placemats.
Each of these printers has different settings. One is always for draft printing, one is for normal printing, and the 3rd is set for landscape, draft printing.
Click on Next
Put the dot in the circle of your choice if you want to it to the default printer.
Put the dot in the circle of your choice if you want to share the printer on your home network (if you have one) then click on Next
Print a test page if you desire, then click on Next, then Finish
Back in the Printers And Faxes window, right click on your new printer and click on Properties
Click on the Advanced tab
At the bottom, click on Printing Defaults
Now set your preferences as desired for the new printer.
Click on Apply, then click on OK, then click on OK again and close the Printers And Faxes window

Now when you print, you can choose your printer according to your settings of your printer.

Updates Restart Notification Delayed  Windows Pro

Go to Start, Run, gpedit.msc and press enter
Go to Computer Configuration, Administrative Temp, Windows Components, Window Updates
Double click on Re-prompt for restart with scheduled installations
change to Enabled, 30 minutes, 60 minutes (or whatever you want)
click on apply and chose Group Policy

Passwords, User Names, Forms, etc...Cleared from Web Sites

To clear your AutoComplete lists for web address, forms and user names and passwords, and even reset the prompt for saving passwords:
In IE, click on Tools, Options.
Click on the Content tab, then click on the button called Auto Complete...
Here you can click on Clear Forms and Clear Passwords and put the check back in the box for Prompt me to save passwords.
To clear the web addresses, click on OK, then click on the General tab and click on the button for Clear History (about 1/2 way down)

Open With > Items trimmed down

You can trim down your list, but you have to go to Regedit first.
Navigate to the following key:
Find the extension you wish to edit and click on the + sign to expand OpenWithList
( In the right pane, you will see a list with the programs, like "paint.exe", "notepad.exe" etc )
Use the File, Export option to backup the registry entry (in case you need to put it back in).
On the right side, click on the one you wish to delete and delete it

If you need to put it back, then double click on the exported registry entry and it will fill back in like it was.

If the one(s) you deleted are still there after a reboot, do the same procedures by going to

Thumbnail files stopped

To save space (and annoyance) you can stop the computer from creating a thumbnail file in every folder you have when you view the folder in Thumbnail View or Filmstrip View
You have to go to regedit to do this:
Navigate to:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Explorer\Advanced
Double click on DisableThumbnailCache and change the value to 1.
If you don't see that DWORD, the you'll need to create it...with the value of 1

Recent Documents not limited to 15

Windows ProClick on Start, then type Group Policy. In the list at the top, click on Edit Group Policy. In the tree pane on the left, navigate to and select User\Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Windows Explorer (or it might be File Explorer)
On the right side, double-click on Maximum number of recent documents.
Select Enabled, and then set the Maximum number of recent documents to something higher than the default of 15. Close out of Policy Editor (a reset afterwards may be needed)

Automatic Updates turned on

Sometimes it needs to be turned on manually due to registry and/or services errors
Turn it on manually
Go to Start / Run
type: wuaueng.dll
press enter

System Restore to Factory Specs - Toshiba computer

To restore a Toshiba computer to factory specs, a well hidden trick:
Press the number 0 upon restarting the computer and you'll find your way. You may need to click on Advanced to get to the destructive restoration that will complete turn back your computer.

Computer Branding Removed/Change

In regedit:
HKLM/Software/Microsoft/Windows NT/Current Version/WinLogon
Remove text for Legal Caption
Remove Legal Text
Change LogonType from 1 to 0
To change the logo (which needs to be 120x120 and in .bmp format), put your branding logo into the folder of:
Then in the registry go to HKLM/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/OEMInformation. (create the key if needed)
Leaving the key (Default), add a new String Value and call it Logo
For the value, type in:     C:\Windows\System32\oem\SystemLogo.bmp

Help Files to open (from previous versions of windows)

A file is needed to open programs that use the old style Help menu.
You need to download and install the file WinHlp32.exe from Microsoft (or64.exe for 64Bit OS)
It can be found at:

Minimize Windows - all but one

Minimize all windows except what you're looking at
CUTE feature here:
On the one window you want to keep up, grab the title bar and give it a shake back and forth a few times.
All windows will minimize except the one you're looking at

Mouse Over to activate another window

To activate Mouse Over to activate another window, you need to go to Ease Of Access:
Note: Going to All Settings does NOT have the box you need.
Go to: Control Panel > Ease of Access Center
Click on "Make the mouse easier to use"
Scroll down and put the check in the box for "Activate a window by hovering...."
You'll then need to slow it down by going to the next link tip for Mouse Slowed When Using Hover

Mouse slowed when using Hover

Only if you're comfortable in the registry.
In Regedit navigate to:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop
Rename your registry value:
From: ActiveWndTrackTimeout
To: ActiveWndTrkTimeout
Edit the key and change from Hexadecimal to Decimal
Set to 300 (1000 would be slower, 200 would be faster)
Log off, then sign in again.

Network Sharing: Folder, File & Drive Sharing

User Folders
These procedures cannot be done on the Favorites listed on the left side, but any other folder can be shared by using explorer and navigating to the folders directly.
Navigate to the C:/Users/NAME folder.
Right click on the folder you want to share and choose Share With > Specific People.
Choose Everyone, then click on Add
Change the permission level to Read/Write or Full Control
Repeat for others that are in the list
Click on Share

Drive or Program Folder
To share an entire drive (such as a 2nd data drive where programs aren't installed)
Right click on the drive, Choose Sharing/advanced Sharing. Click on the Security tab
Click on Edit, then click on Add.
In the box type: Everyone
Click on Ok
Put check in boxes for Full control, then click on Apply
Click on OK to close all dialog boxes.

run: control userpasswords2
Remove the check in the box for Users must enter a user name and passwords

If, on the XP Computer, when trying to access the Win7 computer the first time and you get the dialog box, in the dialog box, put in your user name that you have on the Win7 computer, and password (if you have a password, if not, leave blank).

Network IP Address number - find it

It’s down deep, but you can find 2 different quick ways:

Option 1:
In the systray, click on the internet connection icon (or wireless icon)
Right click on your connection and choose Status
Click on Details

Option 2: Control Panel > Network & Sharing > On the right side for Access Type, just click on the connection
Click on Details
Your IP address is listed in there.

Permission denied with TrustedInstaller... then give me permission

TrustedInstaller has FULL CONTROL on your computer...not you. You can change the ownership to yourself, but when you're done making changes, it's best to put it back to TrustedInstalled to assist Window in stopping malware from installing/modifying your computer behind your back
Here's how you can let yourself have the full control rights over the folder you need:
Right click the folder you need to make adjustments to
choose Properties
Click on the Security tab
Click on Advanced
Click on Change Permissions
Click on Administrators in the list
Click on Edit
Click on Full Control in the bottom box in the Allow column
Click on OK all the way out.

You should now be able to change any file you want on your computer to do what you need

To return ownership back TrustedInstaller:
Right click the folder you had changed
choose Properties
Click on the Security tab
Click on Advanced
Click on Owner tab
click on Edit
type: NT Service\TrustedInstaller
Click Check Names to verify
click OK.
Select TrustedInstaller in the list
Put check in box for Replace owner on sub containers and objects box
Click on OK for all dialog boxes to close them

Access Denied - Option 1 of 2

Short and simple, especially when you're trying to copy files from an external drive before it's destroyed or dies completely:
On the external drive, go to the user folder (Documents and Settings, or Users)
Right click on the My Documents sub folder (or even the actual {User} name folder
Go to:
Security (tab)
Advanced (button at the bottom)
Owner (tab)
Edit (button)
Change to Tracy(Laptop) or whatever your computers name is that has the external drive hooked to it
At the bottom on the left, put the check in the box for 'Replace owner and subcontainers and objects'
Click on Apply, Yes, OK, OK, OK

Access Denied Option 2 of 2

Open a command prompt (Run as Administrator) (you MUST do that part)
Type the following: icacls "{driveletter}:\System Volume Information" /grant Administrator:f
where 'System Volume Information' will be the folder you want the access to and use the " marks.
To restore the permission, type the same link only use R instead of G.

Send To Expanded

Send To can be expanded for more options
On the file in question, hold the Shift key, then right click on the file
A LOT more options are now available

Startup Folder is MIA

Some programs need to be manually put in the startup folder, yet the startup folder is missing in Windows, sort of. It's there, you just have to dig to get to it.
It can still be found at:
C:\Users\name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup

Zip files to not show in explorer left side

If you have a zip program like WinZip, or some other zipping program you've got, then here's a fix to have .zip files NOT show up in the left pane...because it really slows down the viewing of a folder
There are 2 ways of doing this:
Go to Start, Run and type the following:
regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll
Click on OK to the notice
Go to Start, Run again and this time type:
regsvr32 /u cabview.dll
Click on OK to the notice
Restart the computer
Then start WinZip and you'll get a message that the .zip files are not associated with WinZip. Choose Yes to associate them

Continue only if you're comfortable going into the registry.
Close any windows explorers you have open
Open regedit
Navigate your way to the the following key
On the left side, right click on the key and Export
Save it to your downloads folder (for safe keeping...just in case. If it caused problems, you can double click on this file and restore it to the registry)
Right click on the key and choose Permissions
Put a check in box for Full Control for all users listed.
Click on Advanced
Click on the Owners tab
Click on your user name then click on OK, then OK again
Right click on they key again and choose Delete.
Restart your computer and the zip files on the left should disappear.

UAC Forced off for specific programs - such as regedit (My Favorite tip !!)

Force Windows to bypass the UAC and just open the darned thing
This takes what’s called a Scheduled Task, and you do not need a password to create it, as you did in XP
Start, type Task in the search bar, then click on Task Scheduler
On the left side, click on Task Scheduler Library
On the right side, click on Create Task
Give your task a name in the top box (such as Regedit)
Put a check in the box for Run With Highest Privileges
Choose Configure for: Windows 7
Click on the Actions tab at the top
Click on New
The top drop-down bar should be Start Program
Click on Browse
Locate the program you want to start and double click on it
Click on OK, then OK again
Close the Task Scheduler
Right click on the desktop and choose New, Shortcut
In the Location box type: schtasks /run /tn Regedit
(or whatever you called it). There is a space between s and /, between n and /, and again before the task name
Click on Next
Give your new shortcut a name
Right click on the new shortcut and choose Properties. Change the icon and change it to run Minimized so the command dialog box won’t show up.
Apply, Ok. You’re done.

Registry First Aid, or any other registry cleaner will probably require the same thing in creating a scheduled task

To remove this ability, just open the Task Schedule and remove the task, then delete the shortcut.

UAC - More control

Click on start
Type: secpol.msc
Click on secpol in the list at the top
Navigate your way to: Security Settings \ Local Policies \ Security Options
Scroll down to the bottom and you'll see several options to play with

CHKDSK an external hard drive

Open a command prompt
Type e:\ (where e is the drive letter of the external drive)
type: chkdsk /f
Choose Y to dismount the drive to run the chkdsk

Booting from USB or CD forced

To force the computer to see the Boot From CD option (with your disk in the drive), press F12 upon resetting the computer.
It will bring you directly to the option to boot from a cd.
Press and hold the ESC key. Turn on the computer until you see the boot options and make your choice.

Factory Restoration of your computer

This is how to restore a computer to what it was when it was first turned on (out of the factory), AND if you still have the hidden partition where the installation files are stored for your computer.
Press F11 upon a reset. It will take you directly to the Restoration options.
Use the Advanced option to do a compete and full restoration

Dell laptop diagnostics

(These instruction come from Dell)
Computer diagnostics on Dell Laptop computers:
Press and hold the FN key, then power on. When you see the Diagnostic Boot.... release the FN key
This will do a diagnostic on your hard drive and search and fix any errors (bad sectors) it finds.

How to fix a corrupted Profile

If there is only 1 profile on the computer, you first need to show the built in Administrator account
Turn computer on in Safe Mode with Networking
Open a command prompt
at a C:\ prompt, type:
net user administrator /active:yes
If you want to give the administrator a password (recommended for "dummies" computers)
net user administrator <Password>
(where <Password> is the password you want to use the access the admin account and lock out the regular user of the computer
Log off the current user and log into the Administrator account

If a 2nd profile is available, you can use that profile to carry out the following instructions and disregard the above instructions:
Create a new profile
Copy all of the documents from the corrupt profile to the newly created profile
Restart the computer with a complete Start/Shutdown (in case there are updates that are needed and that the new profile might need)
Log in to the Administrator account (or the 2nd profile if available)
Delete the corrupted profile and confirm that all files and settings are to be removed.
Restart the computer
Log into the new profile and rename the profile to what the old profile was before.
Remove any folders that might have been left behind after the profile deletion

If you choose, you may hide the Administrator account again by going to a command prompt and typing:
C:\ prompt, type: net user administrator /active:no

Title Bars Colored

To get rid of the all white title bars, you need to make a minor change
Right click on desktop / Personalize / Color
Below the color swatches, turn on for the first one: 'Show color on Start, Taskbar, action center and title bar'

Store app icon removed from Taskbar

To keep the icon but take it off the taskbar, it may be difficult to find the shortcut again. But put it on your desktop easily
Right click on the icon and choose 'Unpin from Taskbar'
On the Start Menu, go to All Programs / Apps (at the very bottom) / right click on Store and drag to the desktop and Create Shortcuts Here

Systray Customzied

You can still customize your notification area in Windows 10
Right click on the Taskbar, click on Properties, click on the button for Customize for 'Notification Area'
On the right side, click on 'Select which icons appear ont he taskbar'.
By selecting 'Off' it moves them from the always showing to the popup area.
By clicking on 'Turn system icons on or off', You can hide them completely (and yet still retore them later)

Safe Mode

There are a few different ways to get to Safe Mode with Windows 10
Option 1:
Press Win+R and type msconfig
Click on the Boot tab and put the check in the box for Safe Mode / Minimal (or network if you need to have access to the internet while in safe mode)
Click OK and restart the computer

Option 2:
Press and hold the Shift key when you click on Restart
When it restarts, click on Trouble Shoot / Advanced Options / Startup Settings / Restart
Press F4 for Safe Mode
press F5 for Safe Mode with Command Prompt
Press F6 for Safe Mode with networking

Option 3:
If the computer will just not boot into windows, on the 3rd attempt Windows 10 will display the Choose An Option dialog box where you click on Trouble Shoot. Then continue as in Option 2 above.

BIOS settings

Window 10 has an extrememly fast boot. So fast that it may not recognize you pressing F2 (or F12) when you first turn on the computer
Read both of these before you try it
1) You first have to hold the Shift key down and then click on Restart.
2) Press and hold the F2 button, THEN turn on the computer.

Group Policy Editor error

You get the following error when opening GPE:
resource '$(string.requirePrivateStoreOnly)' referenced in attribute displayName could not be found
Microsoft is aware of the issue and working on a fix.
Until then, you can do a manual tweak to trick it into thinking there's no problem.
Go to the folder: C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions
COPY the file WindowsStore.admx to a safe place (just in case)
Right-click Start, click Command Prompt (Admin)
(If using Classic Shell: Start, All Programs, Windows System, right click on Command Prompt / Run As Administrator
Type and press enter after each of the 3 following lines:
takeown /f C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions\WindowsStore.admx
icacls C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions\WindowsStore.admx /grant Administrators:F
notepad C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions\WindowsStore.admx

Go down to the bottom and delete lines 133-166 (see below for the lines)
This will leave the last 2 lines intact:
(   </policies>
</policyDefinitions>  )
Click on File / Save
In the command prompt window, return ownership by typing:
icacls C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions\WindowsStore.admx /setowner "NT Service\TrustedInstaller
For your reference, these are the lines you'll be deleting
     <parentCategory ref="WindowsStore" />
     <supportedOn ref="windows:SUPPORTED_Windows_10_0" />
     <decimal value="1" />
     <decimal value="0" />
     <parentCategory ref="WindowsStore" />
     <supportedOn ref="windows:SUPPORTED_Windows_10_0" />
      <decimal value="1" />
      <decimal value="0" />

Guest Account remove from Start Menu

Turn off the option to log into the Guest account from the Start Menu when you go to switch user:
Start a Command Prompt using Run As Administrator
Go to the directory C:\windows\system32
type: net user /active:no
press enter
If successful, the Guest will no longer show as an option to switch to the user.

Windows Defender results searching quarantined items

When Windows Defender starts searching (and finds) quarantined from Defenders's history, you need to stop it. And/or, the detection list won't go away when you check the Protect History. And here's how to make it all go away and start fresh:
Navigate your way to: C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Scans\History\Service
In that folder, remove the folder called DetectionHistory and all three text documents.
Restart the computer and you'll see the folder and files have been recreated and ready to go for the next scanning.

Windows Updates Manually Checking

Windows 10 checks automatically, but what if you want to just check yourself? There's no link on the Start Menu anymore to check for updates
Here's how to do it now.
Click on Start / Settings / (or Start/PC Settings, or Start/All Programs/Apps/Settings)
Click on Update & Security
You can now click on Check for Updates

Partitioning a hard drive

If you are going to partition your drive from a clean installation (or a reformat), you cannot partition the drive before you install windows. You must do it AFTER installing Windows 10
So....First install Windows 10
BEFORE you install ANYTHING, install this great free program called EaseUs Partition. You can get it Here: EaseUs Partition
Follow the instructionsi the program. You will want to resize the C: down to 150GB...good for windows and program installations (or choose 200GB if you really thing you need more)
Now create a partition on unallocated calling it D:
Again....BEFORE you install anything, change location of your personal folders.
Change the storage location for all the folders you want on the 2nd partition (D:)
Those being: Documents, Downloads, Music, Pictures, Videos (just not your Favorites or your Links)
NOW you can start installing your programs and customizing Windows

Start Menu/Taskbar Stopped Working

If your Start Menu / Taskbar / Notification area quit working, a recent Windows Update caused the problem.
After trying everything I found on the internet to fix this problem, this is the ONLY thing that worked for me: I had to copy a .bat file to the C:\windows\system32 folder and run it from there. It is a .bat file that opens PowerShell and runs (as long as you choose Run As Administrator). I found the .bat file and directions at:
After you run the file and restart the computer, you will need to re-enable your WiFi
Open the Device manager.
Expand the Network adapter list and uninstall all your WiFi adapters (right click and hit uninstall).
Click on Actions > Scan for hardware changes.
Once the scanning process is done, your network adapters will be installed again.
Restart the computer.
If these procedures did NOT help you, I guess the last ditch effort is to reformat the computer....sorry :(

OneDrive icon removed in File Explorer

To remove the OneDrive icon go into the registry and edit the following key:
Double click on: System.IsPinnedToNameSpaceTree
Change the value from 1 to a 0

Additional key to change (if needed)

If may need to do this also:
(Information found at
Via Group Policy Editor, navigate your way to: Local Computer Policy > Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > OneDrive
Double click Prevent the usage of OneDrive for file storage. Select Enabled, then click OK.
In the notification area, right click on OneDrive and click on Settings
On the General tab, Uncheck all the boxes
On the AutoSave tab, set the Documents and Pictures lists to This PC only, and uncheck the other boxes.
On the Account tab, click Choose folders.
In the Sync your OneDrive files to this PC box, Cick on Sync All Files, then click again to remove all the check marks.
Click OK to close the box and return to settings.
Click OK
Open the Settings box again: In the Notifications area, right-click the OneDrive icon, click Settings. On the Account tab, click Unlink OneDrive. Close the Welcome to OneDrive box that appears.
Open File Explorer, right-click OneDrive, and then click Properties.
On the General tab, next to Attributes, check the Hidden box. This hides OneDrive from File Explorer.
One more time, back in the Notifications area, right-click the OneDrive icon and click Exit. This removes the OneDrive icon from the Notifications area.

Computer Information

Computer Make, Model, Memory, and SOOOO much more information can be found with just a click and typing a few letters.
Click on Start
Type the following:    msinfo32
Press {enter} and there you go. Almost all the info you want about your computer
You MAY find it from the start menu too: Start > All Programs > Windows Administrative Tools > System Information

User Account becomes corrupted

First you need to actually show the Administrator acct. Start with:
Right click on command prompt shortcut from the start menu and Run as Administrator
Type: net user administrator /active:yes
Then press enter
To give the administrator a password, then next type:
net user administrator <Password>
(where <Password> is the password you want to use to access the admin account)
Then press enter
Type: exit
Log off current user
Log onto Administrator account

Create a new profile and copy all the files you want.

(One site states: Copy ALL the files from the old profile to the new one with the exception of:

If everthing works fine, then you can delete old profile and ensure you choose the option to remove account and all settings
My personal recommendation is:
After deleting old profile, restart the computer completely by way of Start/Shutdown
Log into Administrator and rename the account to the original name
(or if necessary, log into your new profile and rename it that way)

Now go back and hide the main Administrator account the same way as above, only type /active:no

User Account Logon restored

When windows doesn't give you the logon screen when you have multiple user accounts, go to Settings | Accounts | Sign In Options
Scroll down to the Privacy section
Turn off BOTH (most likely the 2nd one is turned on.
Do this for BOTH of the user accounts.
Run netplwiz
Remove all accounts except the 2 you want and the Guest account

Default set to Restart instead of Shutdown on the Start button

Right click on a blank area of the taskbar and choose Properties.
Click on tab for Start Menu
Change the Power Button Action to have it set for Restart.
If you have Classic Shell installed, right click on the start button, choose Settings.
Put the check in the box for Show All Settings
Click on the Main Menu tab then scroll down to the bottom under Shutdown Command.
Choose your option from there.

Function Key's to F keys/not Media keys

On a Dell Laptop, convert the Function Key back to F-Key (instead of the Media keys)
Easy: Press Fn+Esc
That's it. No restart needed.

Touchpad Tap To Click stopped

To stop the Tap To Click on a laptop touchpad, you need to go to:
Settings > Devices > Touchpad (on the left side).
Uncheck the top 3 boxes in the section for 'Taps', then uncheck the box for "Scroll and Zoom"

Touchpad Right Click

Right Click button of the touchpad stopped working? No problem, you can get it back.
Settings > Devices > Touchpad (on the left side).
Put the check back in the box for 'Press the lower right corner of the touchpad to right click'

Backup File Version/History

File History using the same internal drive
If you want to use an external drive, Just go to Control Panel / File History, click on Select Drive and choose the external drive you just plugged in. Then Turn On the backup and continue below with the direction at "Now you need to trim down...."
First you need to create a folder on your drive such as C:\FileHistory
Right click on that folder and choose Properties.
Then click on the Sharing tab.
Click on Share... I added "Everyone" and changed to Read/Write
Then click on Share again
!! Take note as to the path (such as \\LAPTOP\zFileHistory)
Click on Done, then close

Go to Control Panel and open File History
On the left, click on Select Drive, then click on Add Network Location
In the top address bar, click the UP arrow all the way to the top
In that top address bar, type in the path you note (\\MYPC\zFileHistory)
Press {enter}, then click on Select Folder
Click on OK
Click on the button for Turn On
Close the control panel file history dialog box

Now you need to trim down to only the folders you want to have file history for:
Go to All Settings / Update & Security
On the left, click on Backup
On the right side, In the section for Backup Using File History, click on More Options
Click on each folder you want to remove from the list, then click on the button Remove. Do this for all the folders you do NOT want to use for File History
Now click on the Add A Folder and navigate to a folder you want file history for. (You can add Excluded folders also.)
When you're done, click on the Backup Now button at the top.
This will take a long time, depending on how many folders you have set. 25GB took me about an hour. You can check on how it's going by going to the zFileHistory folder and dig down into the data folder and see what folders have been added. Note: This is NO progress bar to show the progress of the backup
SHORTCUT ICON: To get to your File History to restore quickly, open a file explorer and navigate to: C:\Windows\System32\FileHistory.exe
Right click and Send To / Desktop (create shortcut)
To view the log of any problems, go to Control Panel / File History / Advanced Settings.
At the bottom is the link to view the event log for the backup.

You MAY find a folder gets put in there called $OF and have many folders & files in them.
This is most likely due to the length of the file path and name.
LEAVE THE $OF folders & file alone. If you need to restore a file the system MAY have to look there to find it.

To RESTORE a file from a previous version, follow these steps:
Control Panel / File History / Restore Personal Files
Using the left & right arrows, go to the date you want to recover the file(s) from
Click on the file you want to restore, then click on the 'Restore' icon (probably the big green circle icon between the left & right arrows)
You can Replace, Skip or Compare the files

HP Sound lost after Win10 Update

This problem happens when Windows does an update to HP computers (and maybe other computer makers as well).
Here's the fix:
Open Device Manager (Without ClassicShell, open an explorer, right click on This PC, choose Manage, then Device Manager
Open Sound, Game & Video Controllers
Right click on IDT High Definition Audio CODEC, choose Update Driver
Click on Browse My Computer
Click on 'Let me pick from a list of devices'
Click on High Definition Audio Device. (DO NOT click on any of the CODEC's listed)
Click on Next, and choose YES when Windows tells you it's not recommended. (tuff...we're gonna use it anyway)

Safe To Remove Hardware Notification restored

When doing customizing, you may lose the pop-up that says Safe To Remove Hardware after you chose Eject
The answer is in the notifications
All Settings > System > Notifications & Actions
In the section for Notifications make sure that "Get notifications from apps and other senders" is turn on.
You can turn off all of the items listed below that such as Audio, Print Notification, or others listed if you want.

SSD Critical Info

To keep a full life span of an SSD, follow these guidelines
1) Do NOT put your video's on an SSD. Store on an external drive instead.
2) Turn off Hibernation
    Settings | Power & Sleep | Additional Power Settings | Change Plan Settings | Change Advanced Power Settings
    Ensure that Hibernation is turned off in all areas.
3) Turn off Indexing
    Right click on C:\ | Properties | Uncheck "Allow files on this drive to have contents indexed..."
    Choose C:\ and all folders & subfolders
4) Change Temp Files location:
    If you have 2 drives, with an HDD as a second, direct the Temp files to the HDD
    Right click on C:\ | Properties | Advanced System Settings | Environment Variables |
5) Change Temp Internet locations:
    Again, if you have a 2nd drive that's an HDD, direct the files to the HDD
    Control Panel | Internet Options
    In the Browsing History section, click on Settings | Move Folder and choose a folder on your HDD.
6) Ensure that TRIM is turned on
    Start PowerShell and type: fsutil behavior query disabledeletenotify     The results should be: DisableDeleteNotify = 0 (Disabled)
    Yes...the 0 means it's enabled regardless of the (Disabled) wording. 0 means that trim is ENABLED and that is what you want.
7) Ensure Write Caching is enabled
    Open Device Manager. In the Disk Drive sections, right click on your drive. Click on the Policies tab. Ensure the check is in the box for Enable Write caching on this device.

Off-Line Account Switch

Yes, you CAN switch from a Microsoft account on your computer to a local account...and here's how:
(I found this from
Go to Settings | Accounts. On the left side, click on 'Your Info'.
Click 'Sign in with a local account instead'.
Enter your password for your Microsoft account, and then click Next.
On the next page (Switch To A Local Account page), type in your new user name and password, (if you still want one, or leave it blank if you don't want one)
Now click on Next so it will sign you out from your Microsoft account and sign in to your new local account.
Some of your desktop icons may not appear, but the programs are still there. You can put those on your desktop manually by finding the program in the Program Files folder or the Program Files (x86) folder.

System Reserved Partition error when updating Win10

Found at Microsoft's web site, here's the link to fix the problem when the partition is full and can't do updates: SRP Fix
Note: This assumes you have an MBR and not a GPT. Tested by me and it worked. If you have GPT, see end of this section for the procedures

Right click on This PC > Manage > Disk Management
Right click on the partition called System Reserve > Change Drive Letter and Paths > Add.
Choose Y for the drive letter, then click on OK
Start Command Prompt and Run as Administrator
In the cmd window type all the following:
Type Y: <enter>
Type cd Boot\Fonts <enter>
Take ownership:
Type takeown /d y /r /f . (incluce the space period at the end of that line)
Backup permissions:
Type: icacls Y:\* /save %systemdrive%\NTFSp.txt /c /t
Make sure that all files are showed as successful and none as failed. However, failure of the System Volume Information is ok
Type whoami <enter> and take note of the user name
Take permission:
Type icacls . /grant user:F /t where user is the user name noted in previous set
In the cmd window, ensure you are still in the fonts location of (Y:\Boot\Fonts)
Type del *.* (yep...that's right. Your only deleting all the fonts in that folder)
Type Y to confirm and continue
Restore permissions back to the system:
Type icacls Y:\ /restore %systemdrive%\NTFSp.txt /c /t <enter>
Some failed files will happen and its ok. If the amount of successful files is None, then the command was executed incorrectly, repeat the above step as some of the files MUST be successful before continuing.
Return Access Control List back to System:
Type icacls . /grant system:f /t
Restore ownership:
type icacls Y: /setowner “SYSTEM” /t /c <enter>

Go back to Disk Management. Take note the size of the SRP. Then Refresh the data to confirm if the SRP now has a larger free space. If space has increased, remove the drive letter:
Right click the System Reserved Partition > Change Drive Letter and Paths
Select the Y: drive, then select Remove > OK.

If you have a GPT partition instead of MBR, the procedures are short: (untested by me personallay)
Start Command Prompt and Run as Administrator
At the command prompt, type mountvol y: /s <enter>
Type Y: <enter>
Type cd EFI\Microsoft\Boot\Fonts
Type del *.* to delete font files. Type Y, then press <enter> to confirm